ITEA 4 is the Eureka Cluster on software innovation
ITEA 4 is the Eureka Cluster on software innovation

ITEA Challenge

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Smart health Smart Health


Smart sports, smart foods, smart hospitals … there is a seemingly unending trend evident today as health and a healthy lifestyle have become paramount to keeping the healthcare system affordable and manageable. 'Smart' has become imperative in dealing with an ever-growing proportion of elderly people, increasing obesity and a doubling in the number of diabetic patients. How can Software Innovation help tackle the issues? Some of the answers lie in our ITEA projects. Global economic growth will see increased spending on health related services; in developed countries chronic diseases continue to increase and in developing countries a larger number of people will gain access to healthcare and more awareness of the healthcare options available to them. An ageing population will increase demand for healthcare as staffing capacity declines and lead to a greater need for software and embedded systems in healthcare support.

Some facts and figures

  • Across all the countries in our survey, more than 75% of respondents would like to use digital healthcare services, as long as those services meet their needs and provide the level of quality they expect. [14]
  • Older patients (those over 50) want digital healthcare services nearly as much as their younger counterparts. More than 70% of all older patients in the United Kingdom and Germany want to use digital healthcare services; in Singapore, that number is even higher. [14]
  • Poor access to healthcare currently affects one billion people, especially in developing countries where an extensive hospital/doctor network is hardly feasible: Nigeria, for example, would require 12 times as many doctors by 2030 as today's number just to reach OECD standards. Instead, this gap needs to be narrowed with innovative medical technologies allowing for remote medical analysis, diagnosis and, ultimately, treatment advice. [15]
  • As of July 2017, Spotify, the music streaming service originally founded in 2006 in Sweden, had 60 million paying subscribers worldwide, up from 30 million paying subscribers in March 2016. The number of active users (including free subscriptions) is even 140 million worldwide [11]. Music-streaming apps like Spotify create communities of users who share experiences, likes and dislikes.
  • 63% of all deaths worldwide are caused by chronic diseases. Innovative companies should align their R&D portfolio accordingly and create innovations such as artificial organs or customised, 3D printed implants for individuals living in countries with a higher-level health system. [15]
  • The number of fatalities caused by preventable medical error in the United States alone is the equivalent of two jumbo jets falling out of the sky every day [16]. This shows a lot can be improved in hospital management.
  • A key topic for elderly people regarding their health is to keep them connected to society; having a social life, volunteering, prevention. Smart community tools can be used to work in this direction. [17]

Imagine …

Imagine a hospital where you do not have to wait during multiple visits. Where your privacy and security are secured when doctors or health insurers share the data generated by wireless sensors to a computer that analyses your state of health, diagnoses problems and suggests a course of action. Where diagnosis by your doctor, specialist, clinic or hospital leads to personalised treatment, reducing your time spent in hospital and accelerating your recovery. Imagine a healthcare system that is more affordable, more customised, more effective, more comfortable, less painful. Where surgeons boldly go where no surgeon has gone before and the hardware tools are given a beating software heart. Where anxiety and risk are minimised and where health is a means to life not a goal in itself.

Imagine what is possible when we dare to dream, when we reach for the stars in a galaxy full of opportunities …


[14] Healthcare's Digital future. McKinsey Global Institute article (S. Biesdorf and F. Niedermann), July 2014.
[15] Roland Berger Trend Compendium 2030 – Megatrend 5: dynamic technology and innovation. Roland Berger Strategy consultants, March 2017.
[16] Black box thinking: why most most people never learn from their mistakes – but some do. Matthew Syed, November 2015.
[17] International customer & enduser workshop on Smart Health – results report. ITEA, July 2016.

Projects related to the challenge Smart health

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Patient Friendly Medical Intervention

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Cooperative Advanced REsearch for Medical Efficiency

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Advanced Infrastructure for Medical Equipment Management and Services

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Embedded Decision and Data Fusion for Medical Intervention Support

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High Performance image Processing

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Multimodal Interfaces for Disabled and Ageing Society

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Ambient Intelligence for the Elderly